Aadhar Card Bill 2016
The Unique Identification of India (UIDAI) was formed by the government of India for collecting demographic information and biometric information of the residents of the country. The information collected is to be stored by them in a centralized database. After this is done the UIDAI is supposed to issue a 12-digit number, which is unique, to the residents of the country. This number is called the Aadhar and provides identity to the people in India.
The process was stared 6 years back. The bill has gone through many modifications with the previous government. Aadhar Card is basically an identity assigned to a resident of a country for his or her entire lifetime. The Aadhar authentication is fully functional and can be used for various delivery schemes across the country. Both the Aadhar Card and the e-copy of the card are of equal importance and the card number is inked to various beneficiary databases. It can be linked to pensions, gas subsidies, and all the other benefits and subsidies.
Aadhar Card Bill 2016
Finance Minister Arun Jeitley projected a castrated formed of the Aadhar Bill at the union budget of 2016, which was passed by the Lok Sabha. The bill aims to empower the government and the residents of the country and to ensure that the subsidies reach the right and the deserving people directly. The Finance Minister says that he wants to make an Aadhar card much more than just an identity card. The passing of the bill means that the Aadhar number will be made mandatory for availing subsidy benefits from any government scheme. The Finance Minister introduced the bill as a Money Bill which led to a lot of argument and dissatisfaction by the opposition parties in big house. Since, the Aadhar Bill was proposed as a money bill and passed; now that can’t be altered or rejected by the Rajya Sabha members. The main takeaways of the Aadhar Bill
- A regulatory framework has also been laid down under the Bill in order to protect the data collected and stored, of the card holders.
- The cardholders details will be totally protected and will shared only for national security purpose and under court orders.
- The Aadhar will be given to a person who has stayed in India for 182 days in the preceding the date of application of the Aadhar card. The Aadhar card is a proof of identity but cannot be used to prove any individuals citizenship
- The bill aims to provide a good, efficient ad transparent delivery of subsidies and benefits where a proper system will be laid to make sure money is sent appropriately, avoid corruption and leakages in the process.
- If any person tries to illegally access the Aadhar data base, the Bill calls for a fine of Rs10, 00,000 and along with the 3 years imprisonment.
The debated factors of the Aadhar Bill
- One of the major concerns revolving the passing of the Aadhar bill is of privacy. The provisions of the Bill in regard to the protection of information and identity may be affected by the ongoing writ petition in the Supreme Court of that of violation of privacy.
- The Bill has leaves loopholes by not mentioning specifically prohibit law and intelligence agencies from using the database to trace and patterns using the Aadhar number.
- The Bill doesn’t mention the prevention of sensitive biometric or personal information such as the DNA. The Bill only talks about the restricting the collecting information relating to religion, race, caste, and language, income and health of the person. This will also mean that the UID can collect any personal information without the approval of the Parliament. This might lead to the misuse of the power given.
- There is no time frame fixed for collecting and storing those vital information of Indian people in database maintained by central system of UID. It might leads to data mishandle and data leakage.
The opposition strongly condemned the act of ruling party to propose the bill as a money bill in lower house that restricted upper house from altering or rejecting. Often it was marked as political tactics of managing critical situation. The privacy and security issues have been taken up the opposition have been highly debated upon. But the Finance Minister Arun Jeitley has replied and justified all the points’ of the opposition and the bill has been passed which makes Aadhar number compulsory for availing government subsidies and other benefits. Records say that until now almost 97% of the adults of the country already have an Aadhar number, be it e-copy or a card. And 67% of minors in the country have also been registered for the Aadhar Card. The finance minister says that each day more than six to seven lakhs of people will be added to the UID system.