Admission and Reservation of the Medical Colleges
It cannot be denied that one of the most important educations in any country is considered as the degree of medication. Now that being said, medical education in India has become more of a profession or rather a business than a proper skill and education for the welfare of people. Be that as it may, we are not going to enter into the debate or politics or corruption that might have taken a toll in the medical education system of India. The admission in MBBS colleges is either done on the basis of skills and marks attained in the competitive examinations or the amount of money submitted as donation during the time of admission.
What happens in an MBBS selection?
To get shortlisted within the merit list of MBBS examination, a candidate needs to do the following:
A certain level of marks needs to be attained in the All India Joint entrance examination or the medical examinations conducted in each state.
And also a certain level of marks is necessary in the higher secondary examination. The candidate also needs to have science as the background subjects comprising of Chemistry, Physics and Botany/Biology.
A brief analysis of the medical education system
According to an analysis made in the year 2014, it has been stated that there are 398 medical colleges that trains more than 52 thousand medical students. And within the 398 medical colleges, there are 183 government medical colleges and the remaining are the private colleges. In this numerical figure, 15% of the total number of seats is actually filled by the central government while this 15% should be filled by the private colleges and the rest seats are filled by the private colleges.
Now, coming to the fees structure and regulations, there are certain permissions that need to be taken up from the government. And at the same time the respective state governments shall be the authoritative body in determining the fees of a medical college set up by within a state by the state government. And in case of the private medical colleges set up within a state, the committee that is set up by the state government in accordance to the guidelines passed by the Supreme Court shall be the deciding authority. The fees for the government and private colleges vary from an amount of Rs 12000 to Rs 2800000 according to the college.
The government follows a certain reservation system during the counseling while allocating the seats for the MBBS and BDS. To be eligible for attaining MBBS, a student needs to pass the higher secondary examination with subjects as mentioned above. Apart from that the student needs to be an Indian to be admitted through all the Indian entrance education system. Also he/she needs to have completed a minimum age of 17 years. The allocation of seats is done by conducting examinations on central, state and university level. There are two types of examinations conducted for the admission of MBBS. They are as follows:
Central Level Entrance Examinations:
Now this examination system also comprises of two parts or rather types for being admitted to the MBBS. The first is known as AIIMS. This is called All Indian Institute for Medical Science entrance examinations. And the other one is called AIPMT. This is called All India Pre-Medical/Pre Dental entrance exam. For the candidates who are able to clear the AIMPT, 15% of the total numbers of seats are reserved for them in the total dental or medical colleges in India. Few states in India do not have the permission of this reservation and these states include Andra Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir. Certain other universities that conduct medical examinations are JIPMER, CMC Vellore, etc.
State Level Entrance Examination:
Now, it is essential to mention that every state has its own policies for the medical examinations. For instance the states like WB, Maharashtra, Kerala and Karnataka have a state level common entrance test that decides the allocation of the MBBS candidates. But in other states like do not directly conduct any entrance test, but the eligibility to get admitted in MBBS is solely dependent on the total percentage of marks attained in higher secondary examinations.
The reservation in medical examination
Speaking about the reservation, every private university has the eligibility to fill up 40% of the total seats within the management quota. But this is done only for the students who are eligible. For the science subjects, the eligibility for management quota seats is 50% and this is what makes it easier for every candidate who has a solid financial background, to get admitted in the MBBS.
|SL NO||Category||Reservation from State Quota||Reservation from private/Unaided institutions and colleges|
|1.||SC and SC converts to Buddhism||13%||6.5%|
|3.||Vimukta Jati (VJ)||3%||1.%|
|4.||Nomadic Tribes B||2.5%||1.25%|
|5.||Nomadic Tribes C||3.5%||1.75%|
|6.||Nomadic Tribes D||2%||1%|